October 18, 2006

KONOS Eyes & Seeing Vocabulary


You can "see" what we're working on today below... lots of fun vocabulary words and the KONOS eyes/seeing unit.

I thought I would drop in to leave you with our words and a lovely photo of Morgan's Iris. She has the most lovely eyes. The brown "spot" in her eye is called a nevus. It is similar to a birthmark. One in a million of those with an iris nevus contract cancer from them. I'm praying she won't. What is interesting is that she has her father's (and my mother's) topaz blue... and the spot is almost exactly the same color as my eyes (an orange-chestnut brown). I like to joke that the spot is my "only claim on her" or my "little piece of her" (since she looks so much like my mom and my husband). It has been fun studying the eyes, painting, vision, etc. I only wish I could have afforded the paints and canvases to let them do a rendition of their favorite painting! We will save and do that this summer, I hope. It will be moving to the "to do later" list. I'm anxious to start "Other Senses" and "Frontiersmen" soon!

We left a few words that were suggested out and added one or two of our own, so if you are a KONOS user, you might also check your Volume 1 to make sure you don't want to add any of the ones we skipped back in. We are doing a crossword and writing them in sentences today. Usually I make them write the definitions, but with lengthy medical terms... I am exercising some mercy!


  1. Look: to use one's sight or vision in seeking, searching, examining, watching

  2. Watch: to be alertly on the lookout, look attentively, or observe

  3. View: to look at; survey; inspect to look at; survey; inspect or to think of something in a particular way

  4. Gaze: to look steadily and intently, as with great curiosity, interest, pleasure, or wonder

  5. Vision: the act or power of sensing with the eyes; sight

  6. Sclera: tough white fibrous outer tissue covering the entire eyeball except the cornea

  7. Cornea: transparent portion of the outer covering of the eye covering the lens and iris and is attached to the sclera

  8. Lens: biconvex transparent part of eye situated behind the iris used to focus light waves on retina

  9. Vitreous Humor: clear jelly-like substance that fills the eyeball between the retina and the lens

  10. Pigment: substance producing color in animals and plants (especially in a cells or tissues)

  11. Pupil: expanding and contracting opening in the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina

  12. Conjunctiva: mucous membrane that lines the exposed portion of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids

  13. Retina: light-sensitive membrane lining the inner eyeball, connects to optic nerve (contains rods and cones)

  14. Rods: rod-shaped cells in the retina that respond to dim light

  15. Cones: photoreceptors in the retina of the eye responsible for daylight and color vision

  16. Optic Nerve: nerve in your head that transmits information from your retina in your eye to your brain so you can see

  17. Iris: round pigmented muscle membrane of the eye (regulates amount of light entering the eye)

  18. Mucus: slippery substance secreted by glands to protect and lubricate body parts and organs

  19. Aqueous Humor: watery fluid that fills the space between the cornea and the crystalline lens in the eye

  20. Focus: focal point of a lens or clear and sharply defined condition of an image

  21. Ophthalmology: the branch of medical science dealing with the anatomy, functions, and diseases of the eye

  22. Ophthalmologist: a physician trained in ophthalmology.

  23. Optometrist: person skilled in testing for defects of vision in order to prescribe corrective glasses

  24. Dilate: to make wider or larger; cause to expand

  25. Peripheral Vision: all that is visible to the eye outside the central area of focus

  26. Image: optical copy of an object formed by a lens or mirror

  27. Braille: raised dotted alphabet for the blind

  28. Myopia: visual defect in which distant objects appear blurred because their images are focused in front of the retina rather than on it; nearsightedness

  29. Color Blind: unable to distinguish colors (some people only a few colors; others all colors seem grey, black or white)

  30. Conjunctivitis: inflammation of the conjunctiva (pinkeye)

  31. Cataracts: opacity of the lens or capsule of the eye, causing impairment of vision or blindness (their grandma is having surgery in one eye for this on Friday).

  32. Opacity: not transparent or translucent; not allowing light to pass through; opaqueness.

  33. Hyperopia: condition in which visual images come to a focus behind the retina of the eye and vision is better for distant than for near objects; farsightedness

  34. Night Blindness: condition of the eyes in which vision is normal in daylight but abnormally poor at night or in a dim light; nyctalopia

  35. Blurred Vision: condition in which eyesight is blurred. Can be symptom of many diseases or eye problems and should be checked by doctor.

  36. Albinism: absence of normal pigmentation or coloration in the eyes only or in the skin, hair, and eyes

  37. Transplant: transfer (an organ, tissue, etc.) from one part of the body to another or from one person or animal to another

The kids already know about diabetic retinopathy. Their grandma has it. We went with her to the doctor when she had a few of her appointments, and the kids went with me to the hospital when she had her eyes cut open, worked on and drained (a couple of years ago). Sounds gross, eh? It didn't feel good, either, so I hear! Imagine - stitches in your EYES! She was blind and now she can see. Sounds like another lost girl I know really well (metaphorically speaking, anyway).

Psalm 19:8 - The precepts of the LORD are right, giving joy to the heart. The commands of the LORD are radiant, giving light to the eyes.

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1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Are you sure that is an irus nevus and not sectoral heterochromia? because that is what it looks like.



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